biomass gasification solutions

 

 

 

 

Recycled Products Derived from the SK-200 System - Waste Rubber Tires & Scrap Plastics Scenario

Carbon Black:

Carbon black is the main recycled byproduct produced by the SK-200 System. The global carbon black industry is now estimated at nearly 10 billion kilograms per annum. North America consumes about 2 billion kilograms of carbon black per year or 26% of the world market (according to the Rubber Manufacturers Association).

In North America, manufacturers of three product groups consume carbon black:

- 25% is used in rubber, sponge, foam, flooring, and matting

- 10% is used in inks, toner, coatings, paint

- 65% is used in tire and tire related products

Carbon black is an engineered compound found in countless items used on a daily basis. It is an essential ingredient in tires and other mechanical rubber goods, improving their strength, durability and overall performance. It also is used as a pigment in printing inks, paints and plastics.

quality carbon black byproduct New carbon black is made primarily from a petroleum based feedstock. The oil is pumped into a specially designed furnace, where it is heated above 2,000° F. This process "cracks" the oil to produce a gas stream laden with carbon black powder. The gas stream passes through a series of filters, where the carbon black is separated from the gases. The carbon black powder then is bound with water to create larger beads or granules, which are passed through a dryer and packaged for delivery to customers in every part of the world. We make carbon black from recovering it from waste products and recycling products rich in carbon black.

Initially, non-tire manufacturers will comprise KI's primary market. Over the long term, KI will pursue acceptance of different grades carbon black by rubber manufacturers and large end users of rubber and plastic related products. KI has identified potential customers, distributors, and partners (including a large tire manufacture) and is establishing a strategic sales relationship with these companies offering them a price advantage over virgin based materials.

The particle size, structure, and surface area of carbon black plays a significant role in the material properties of rubber, plastics, and other products, For this reason, carbon black is made in various grades to meet the varying material needs and specifications of manufacturers. In general, carbon black grades with smaller particle size have better reinforcing and abrasion resistance qualities than those with larger particle size.

The carbon black produced from the SK process has a multitude of uses in endless products. It can be used as a fuel source by pressing it into briquettes. Once pressed into briquettes it produces much higher Btu's and leaves less than 3% in ash after burning it, which means that it can be used as a clean burning alternative (substitute coal). Elastomeric products reinforced with Kouei ECOLUS™ carbon black can be used in many dynamic applications where controlled dampings of mechanical vibrations are required.

Carbon black produced from ECOLUS™ systems derived specifically from the pyrolysis of waste tires can be used in almost any application that ‘virgin’ carbon black (VCB) may be used such as tire production, rubber compounding, pigments, coatings, etc. Some specialized applications of recovered carbon black (RCB) may require additional processing after pyrolysis to yield specific particle sizes; however, there are many applications for carbon black recovered from waste tires that require little, if any, post processing of the material. RCB is readily dispersed in many polymer solutions and is currently being utilized as the primary filler for coatings containing waste polyvinyl butyral (PVB). The RCB produced by the ECOLUS™ system is a low surface area material and has an activated surface due to the catalytic charging process through which it is obtained. This makes the material amenable to high loadings compared to carbon blacks with high surface areas.

Kouei Industries also posses its own patented activation technology to produce high quality activated carbon which is an excellent filter for wastewater clean up and filtration of industrial manufacturing flue gas emissions with regards to industrial processes such as WTE plants. This same activation technology also has a unique patented design that removes zinc oxide from within tire derived carbon. This same technology can also reactivate spent activated carbon.


Industry

 

Application

Aerogel

 

Colorant
Conductivity Enhancer

Adhesives & Sealants

 

Colorant
Hardener
Wear Extender
Thixotropic Agent

Aerospace

 

High-Energy Particle Shielding
Heat Dissipation
High-Strength Laminates

Agriculture

 

Soil Amendment

Automotive

 

Tires
High Temperature Gaskets
Rubber Hoses
Rubber Seals
Carbon-Reinforced Body Parts

Ballistics

 

Shell/Missile Electronics EMP/RFI
Shielding

Batteries & Power Storage

 

Carbon-Zinc Batteries
Carbon/Air Fuel Cells

Bio-technology

 

Prosthetics
Pharmaceutical Carriers
Vascular Stents

Building Products

 

High-Strength Cables
High-Strength Laminates
Structural Composites

Cable

 

Transmission Line Cables
Spark Plug Wires
High-Voltage Carriers

Cable - Jacketing

 

High-Frequency Data Shielding

Cable - Semiconductor

 

Anisotropic Thermal Conduits

Chemical Catalyst

 

Catalyst Support/Carrier

Chemical Processing

 

Aromatic Solvent Precursor
Absorbant
Carbonation Agent

Coatings

 

Anti-fouling Coatings
EMI/RFI Coatings

Composites

 

Concrete Hardener Additive
Carbon Fiber Laminate

Cryogenic

 

Magnetothermal Shielding

Defense

 

Radar-Absorbing Coatings
EMP Shielding
Stealth Technology
Body Armor
Vehicle Armor

Electronics

 

Resistors
Capacitors
Molecular Electronics

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)

 

Conductive Foam
Conductive Plastics

Energy

 

Carbon-Oxygen Fuel Cell
Carbon-Zinc Battery

Explosives

 

Gunpowder
Black Powder
Fireworks

Fiber

 

Carbon Fiber Composites

Film

 

EMI/RFI Shielding Films

Food

 

Colorant
Absorbant

Fullerenes

 

Buckyballs
Buckytubes
Buckyropes

Industrial Process

 

Chemistry
Metallurgy

Industrial Rubber Products

 

Gaskets
O-rings
Seals
Tubes
Sheets
Hardener
Wear Extender

Inkjet Colorants

 

Inks

Insulation

 

Thermal Transfer Layer
RFI/EMI Shielding

Leather/Textiles

 

Carbon Fiber Materials
Leather Colorant

Lighting

 

Arc Lamps
Flat Panel Displays
Cold Cathode Lighting Source

Magnetic Media

 

Field Emitters

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

 

Magnetic Field Directors
Magnetic Field Imagers

Medical

 

Toxin Absorbent
X-ray Imaging Dye

Mold Flux Powders

 

Thermal Transfer Media

Molding

 

Mold Release Compound
Antistatic Additive

Oilfield Drilling & Completion Fluids

 

Cutting Fluid Additive

Organic Synthesis

 

Carbonating Additive
Colorant

Paper

 

Anti-static Coating
Colorant

Personal Care

 

Cosmetics
Air Filtration
Water Filtration

Pharmaceuticals

 

Colorant
Absorbent

Pipe

 

Steel Pipe Hardener
Carbon-Reinforced Plastic Pipe

Pollution Abatement

 

Air Pollutant Adsorbent
Water Pollutant Adsorbent

Printing Inks

 

Black Ink

Sheet

 

Gasket Products
Carbon-reinforced Fiber Products

Silicones

 

Anti-wear Additive

Specialty Glasses & Ceramics

 

Colorant
Thermal Conductivity Additive
EMI/RFI Shielding Additive

Tire

 

Rubber Additive
Hardener
Wear Extender

Toners

 

Copier Toner Media
Laser Printer Toner Media

Fuel oil:
recycled carbon black & fuel oilThe primary oil product generated by the SK system has a flash point of 55 degrees Celsius which is higher than CIMAK-10 commercial grade diesel fuel (50 degrees Celsius flash point oil) used in industrial/commercial combustion engines. Coupled with its high CV this fuel can be consumed as a commercial diesel fuel oil. The oil produced is scrubbed and centrifuged automatically inside this system, and is done so to satisfy markets demanding oil with low sulphur content (SK has less than 1% sulphur content). Given the present price of crude oil (above $35.00 U.S. a barrel), there is significant demand and economic incentive to use Kouei's upgraded or blended oil products. This fuel oil will be marketed directly to industrial clients and can be sold directly or blended as off road diesel, marine diesel fuel or burner fuel.

Non-condensable Gases:
The non-condensable gasses from a SK System have a 50% higher BTU value than natural gas and can be used as a replacement for natural gas or propane. These gases contain sufficient BTU's to fire turbines or boilers to generate electricity or thermal energy. This gas is scrubbed using a patented filter system only found within the SK to reduce the sulphur compounds by approximately 99%.

Steel:
The steel content inside tires ranges from 6% to 15% of the total tire weight. The high quality recyclable steel produced by the SK-200 system can be pressed into briquettes and sold as a feedstock for steel mills.

Electricity:
Within the next few months the ECOLUS SK will produce electricity which will be generated from a turbine that is driven from the products produced by the ECOLUS SK.



© Copyright Kouei Industries 2004